The first step has been taken. Yesterday the European Parliament approved, by 389 votes in favor, 239 against and 41 abstentions, raise the requirements for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for new cars and vans. It is not definitive, as this vote has yet to be endorsed by the Member States and the European Commission. The European Parliament has established the following: 2025: 20% CO2 emissions lower than 2021 and 2030: CO2 emissions 40% lower than 2021.
The proposal submitted by Miriam Dalli, MEP of Malta, to accelerate the CO2 reduction of vehicles is approved (although Parliament’s Environment Committee was in favor of raising the cut even more, by 45%). This is the main cause of the greenhouse effect and climate change and the European Parliament does not hesitate to point to the automotive industry, “the only important sector of the Union in which emissions of greenhouse gases continue to increase”. It is true, since diesel sales have plummeted and SUV sales are rising like foam, CO2 emissions are increasing.
From the environmentalism this proposal is applauded. “We welcome this vote as a crucial step towards cleaner air, less oil imports and more jobs,” said the Transport & Environment organization, which has always been outstanding in its studies of how far approvals the actual pollution of the cars, as well as uncovering the tricks of the manufacturers in the laboratory tests (partially corrected with the WLTP).
BMW Group CEO Harald Krueger said this week that a 30% reduction was the “maximum stretch” the industry could handle. Also general manager of Renault, Carlos Ghosn, said: “We can adapt to any requirement, but the question is what will be the cost, not only for car manufacturers but also for consumers. Unrealistic requirements will endanger industrial activity in Europe. And the consumer will pay the cost, with collateral damage at the company level. Strict emission control is not free. ”
Similar words said the president of the ACEA (employers of manufacturers in Europe), in turn CEO of the PSA Group, Carlos Tavares, at the Paris Motor Show: “If the EU wants to reduce CO2 emissions, that’s fine, but electric vehicles are like organic foods: they are more expensive, and Asia has a monopoly on battery technology. Let’s be honest”.
And the agreement also establishes that companies are obliged that less polluting vehicles (electric cars and those that emit less than 50 g / km of CO2, which will be plug-in hybrids) account for 20% of sales in 2025 and 35% in 2030. Now the negotiation of the final text will begin, with this starting point. Countries where the automotive industry has a greater weight in its GDP and thousands of jobs will be more sensitive to the needs of the industry, as has happened on other occasions. Germany, Europe’s largest car market, has said it will support the European Commission’s target of 30%, while France has called for a 40% cut, in line with the European Parliament. By the end of the year, final negotiations will take place between the three EU government agencies.